Cervical Cancer Survival Rates
Cervical cancer survival rates have improved slightly.
Prognosis over the long term has seen a general rate of improvement for the majority of cancer types since the 1990s. Overall, five year cancer survival rates has been estimated to be a bit over sixty percent (62 percent) of survival rates of those without cancer. That’s a 2 percent increase from previous years. These figures take into account all cancer types. What about cervical cancer survival rates?
Cancer of the cervix was at one time a major cause of cancer related death among American women. However, the increasing number of women getting Pap smears on a regular basis has resulted in a dramatic decrease in cervical cancer deaths. Since 1955, death rates from cervical cancer have decreased over 75 percent. Cervical cancer is a highly preventable form of cancer; Pap smears, when used to detect it early, are a first step in preventing its spread.
However, there are different stages of this cancer; as mentioned above, early detection is the key. As the stages advance, survival rates, statistically speaking, decrease. Following is an explanation of the stages of cervical cancer, and statistical survival rates.
- Stage IA: This is a very early form of cervical cancer; conventional treatment is usually surgery. Survival rates over five years are between ninety six and ninety nine percent.
- Stage IB: This stage results in a cancer visible without microscopic aid. Even at this stage, survival rates are estimated at eighty to ninety percent; conventional treatment options are the same as those for most other cancers (chemotherapy, radiation, surgery).
- Stage II: By this stage, the cervical cancer has metastasized beyond the uterus to tissue nearby – but has not yet reached the lower area of the vagina or the pelvis’s lateral wall. Again, conventional treatments involve chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. Statistical survival rates after five years are sixty five to sixty nine percent.
- Stage III: At this stage, the cancer has spread beyond the confines of the cervical area and may have caused kidney changes. Radiation and chemotherapy are commonly employed. The rate of survival at five years is forty to forty three percent.
- Stage IV: This is the final classification stage for cervical cancer. The cancer has metastasized beyond the pelvic region and other organs, further away, have been affected. Chemotherapy and radiation are typically employed. Five year survival rates are fifteen to twenty percent.
As you can see, there is a dramatic difference between Stage IA and Stage IV; that’s why regular checkups can result in early detection and a huge increase in cervical cancer survival rates.